This paper presents an asynchronous multiple-valued current-mode data-transfer controller chip based on a 1-phase dual-rail encoding technique. The proposed encoding technique enables "one-way delay" asynchronous data transfer because request and acknowledge signals can be transmitted simultaneously and valid states are detected by calculating the sum of dual-rail codewords. Since a key component, a current-to-voltage conversion circuit in a valid-state detector, is tuned so as to obtain a sufficient voltage range to improve switching speed of a comparator, signal detection can be performed quickly in spite of using 6-level signals. It is evaluated using HSPICE simulation with a 0.18-μm CMOS that the throughput of the proposed circuit based on the 1-phase dual-rail scheme attains 435 Mbps/wire which is 2.9 times faster than that of a CMOS circuit based on a conventional 4-phase dual-rail scheme. The test chip is fabricated, and the asynchronous data-transfer behavior of the proposed scheme is confirmed.
- Dual-rail encoding
- Globally asynchronous locally synchronous (GALS)
- Network-on-chip (NoC)
- Point-to-point communication