Implicit learning of viewpoint-independent spatial layouts

Taiga Tsuchiai, Kazumichi Matsumiya, Ichiro Kuriki, Satoshi Shioiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


We usually perceive things in our surroundings as unchanged despite viewpoint changes caused by self-motion.The visual system therefore must have a function to process objects independently of viewpoint. In this study, we examined whether viewpoint-independent spatial layout can be obtained implicitly. For this purpose, we used a contextual cueing effect, a learning effect of spatial layout in visual search displays known to be an implicit effect.We investigated the transfer of the contextual cueing effect to images from a different viewpoint by using visual search displays of 3D objects. For images from a different viewpoint, the contextual cueing effect was maintained with self-motion but disappeared when the display changed without self-motion.This indicates that there is an implicit learning effect in environment-centered coordinates and suggests that the spatial representation of object layouts can be obtained and updated implicitly. We also showed that binocular disparity plays an important role in the layout representations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 207
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberJUN
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • 3D
  • Contextual cueing effect
  • Environment-centered coordinates
  • Implicit learning
  • Retinal coordinates
  • Self-motion
  • Spatial updating
  • Viewpoint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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