Importance of frontier orbital interactions in addition reaction of water to disilene

Masae Takahashi, Tamás Veszprémi, Mitsuo Kira

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Addition mechanisms of water to disilene were investigated in detail using the high level ab initio molecular orbital (MO) theory. We have found that the search for transition states by ab initio MO calculations combined with the frontier MO theory provides a good perspective view of the mechanisms of the reaction of disilenes and water. The initial electrophilic and nucleophilic interactions of the water with disilence give the corresponding weak complexes, CE and CN, which leads to the next nucleophilic and electrophilic attack of the water part, respectively. The latter pathway requires an antarafacial approach, while the former pathway proceeds via suprafacial addition. Whereas in the model disilene-water addition reaction, the pathway from CE is more favorable than the pathway from CN, the stereochemical ambiguity of the addition reactions found experimentally may be explained by the competition of the two pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Aug 5
Event3th European Conference on Computational Chemistry (EUCO-CC3) - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: 2000 Sept 42000 Sept 8


  • Ab initio MO
  • Addition reaction
  • Disilene
  • Frontier MO theory


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