Improvements in W-CDMA: Principles and experimental results

M. Sawahashi, K. Higuchi, S. Tanaka, F. Adachp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article first reviews the channel structure and spreading code assignment for the physical layer and transport channel multiplexing along with a sophisticated rate-matching scheme that accommodates composite transport channels with various levels of quality of service (QoS) on one physical channel. Then, the key technologies of wideband DS-CDMA (W-CDMA) wireless access are presented and the results of experiments pertaining to these technologies are evaluated. Flexible system deployment is possible by employing inter-cell asynchronous operation with a three-step fast cell search method. The signal-to-interference power ratio (SIR) measurement based fast transmit power control (TPC) guarantees the minimum transmit power according to the channel load and the changes in the link conditions due to fading. Furthermore, various diversity technologies are described such as pilot symbol-assisted (PSA) coherent Rake combining, antenna diversity, site diversity (soft/softer handover), and transmit diversity in the forward link that are effective in decreasing the required transmit power, which results in increases system capacity. This article also presents link-capacity enhancing techniques such as using an interference canceller (IC) and adaptive antenna array diversity (AAAD) receiver/transmitter. Experimental results are presented for an actual multipath fading channel that indicate the potential of the IC and AAAD transceiver to decrease the mobile transmit power in the reverse link and interference from high rate users with high transmit power in the forward link.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-259
Number of pages24
JournalAnnales des Telecommunications/Annals of Telecommunications
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Code division multiple access
  • Direct sequence spread spectrum
  • Diversity
  • Experimental result
  • Mobile radiocommunication
  • Multiplexing
  • Power control
  • Signal interference
  • Theoretical study
  • Wide band transmission


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