Improvements of Magnetic Properties of Sm2Fe17Cx Melt-Spun Ribbons by Additional Elements

S. Sugimoto, K. Kurihara, H. Nakamura, M. Okada, M. Homma

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Before melt-spinning of the alloys, the formation of a Sm2Fe17 phase with Th2Zn17 type structure in Sm2(Fe0.9Cr0.1)17C1.6 alloys is confirmed by studying the microstructure of ingots. Sm2(Fe0.9Cr0.1)17C1.6 melt-spun ribbon exhibits the coercive force of 672 kAm-1 (8.4 kOe) after annealing at 750°C for 30 min. Microstructural studies indicate that the ribbon consists of fine grains of 50–150 nm in diameter. It is found that a phase transformation from TbCu7 to Th2Zn17 is caused with increasing annealing temperature, by X-ray analysis and the variation of magnetic hysteresis loops. The Ga containing ribbon of Sm2(Fe0.9Ga0.1)17C1.6 exhibits the coercivity of 680 kAm-1 (8.5 kOe) after annealing. A further addition of M (M=Co, Mn) to Sm2(Fe, Cr17)C1.6 and Sm2(Fe, Ga17C1.6) alloys improves the magnetic properties. Especially, (Sm2Fe0.85Ga0.1Co0.05)17C1.6 ribbon annealed at 650°C for 30 min exhibits high coercivity of 1008 kAm-1 (12.6 kOe) with the (BH)max of 62.4 kJm-3 (7.8 MGOe). This is the highest magnetic properties among the reported values of Sm2Fe17Cx melt-spun ribbons so far.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-150
Number of pages5
Journalmaterials transactions, jim
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992


  • additional elements
  • coercivity
  • melt-spun ribbon
  • samarium-iron-carbon
  • SmFeC compound


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