In-pipe crack detection for multiple diameters using TE11 mode microwaves

Guanren Chen, Takuya Katagiri, Noritaka Yusa, Hidetoshi Hashizume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluated the effect of pipe diameter on the applicability of a technique using TE11 mode microwaves for in-pipe crack detection. Three TE11 mode converters of different inner diameters were designed based on theoretical calculations and verified via numerical simulations. The working bandwidths of these mode converters were 7.0, 4.0, and 1.9 GHz. Experimental verification was carried out using brass pipes with the corresponding three inner diameters, and with pipe lengths up to 21-25.5 m. An axial and a circumferential slit were introduced to simulate cracks and deployed at multiple positions along the pipes under test. The results showed that both axial and circumferential slits could be detected and located for an inner pipe diameter up to 39 mm and at a distance of 15 m-24 m.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • crack
  • Microwaves
  • mode converter
  • NDT
  • TE11


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