In situ modification of cell-culture scaffolds by photocatalytic decomposition of organosilane monolayers

Hideaki Yamamoto, Takanori Demura, Mayu Morita, Sho Kono, Kohei Sekine, Takahiro Shinada, Shun Nakamura, Takashi Tanii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate a novel application of TiO2 photocatalysis for modifying the cell affinity of a scaffold surface in a cell-culture environment. An as-deposited octadecyltrichlorosilane self-assembled monolayer (OTS SAM) on TiO2 was found to be hydrophobic and stably adsorbed serum albumins that blocked subsequent adsorption of other proteins and cells. Upon irradiation of ultraviolet (UV) light, OTS molecules were decomposed and became permissive to the adhesion of PC12 cells via adsorption of an extracellular matrix protein, collagen. Optimal UV dose was 200 J cm-2 for OTS SAM on TiO2. The amount of collagen adsorption decreased when excessive UV light was irradiated, most likely due to the surface being too hydrophilic to support its adsorption. This UV-induced modification required TiO2 to be present under the SAM and hence is a result of TiO2 photocatalysis. The UV irradiation for surface modification can be performed before cell plating or during cell culture. We also demonstrate that poly(ethylene glycol) SAM can also be patterned with this method, indicating that it is applicable to both hydrophobic and hydrophilic SAMs. This method provides a unique tool for fabricating cell microarrays and studying dynamical properties of living cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35021
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Cell patterning
  • Photocatalysis
  • Protein patterning
  • Self-assembled monolayer
  • Titanium dioxide


Dive into the research topics of 'In situ modification of cell-culture scaffolds by photocatalytic decomposition of organosilane monolayers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this