In-situ Raman spectroscopic analysis of dissolved silica structures in Na2CO3 and NaOH solutions at high pressure and temperature

Naoko Takahashi, Tatsuki Tsujimori, Seiji Kamada, Michihiko Nakamura

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The dissolved silica structures in quartz-saturated 0.50 and 1.50 m [mol kg H2O–1] Na2CO3 and 0.47 m NaOH solutions at up to 750 °C and 1.5 GPa were investigated by in-situ Raman spectroscopy using a Bassett-type hydrothermal diamond anvil cell. The solubility of quartz in the solutions was determined by in-situ observations of the complete dissolution of the grain. The Raman spectra of the quartz-saturated Na2CO3 and NaOH solutions at high pressures and temperatures exhibited the tetrahedral symmetric stretching band of silica monomers. The lower frequency and broader width of the band than those in pure H2O indicated the presence of both neutral and deprotonated monomers. In addition, we newly confirmed the intense bridging oxygen band and the tetrahedral symmetric stretching band of Q1 (silicate center having a single bridging oxygen atom) in the spectra of the Na2CO3 solutions. The integrated intensity ratios of the bridging oxygen band to the monomer band increased with the addition of Na2CO3 and NaOH to fluids, corresponding to an elevation of the measured quartz solubilities. These observations indicate that the formation of silica oligomers in addition to neutral and deprotonated monomers explains the high dissolved silica concentrations in the solutions. The presence of deprotonated monomers under the experimental conditions suggests that deprotonated oligomers exist in the solutions, because the production of the latter more significantly reduces the Gibbs free energy. The anionic silica species and oligomers formed in alkaline silicate fluids may act as effective ligands for certain metal ions or complexes in deep subduction zones.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar


  • Deprotonated monomer
  • Hydrothermal diamond anvil cell
  • In-situ Raman spectroscopy
  • Quartz solubility
  • Silica oligomer
  • Silica speciation


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