In vivo degradation and bone formation behaviors of hydroxyapatite-coated Mg alloys in rat femur

Sachiko Hiromoto, Etsuro Nozoe, Kotaro Hanada, Takuya Yoshimura, Kaori Shima, Toshiro Kibe, Norifumi Nakamura, Kotaro Doi

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Various coatings have been developed for biodegradable Mg alloys to control the degradation speed and to improve the bone conductivity. In this study, hydroxyapatite (HAp) coatings were formed on pure Mg, Mg-0.8mass% Ca (MgCa), Mg-4mass% Y-3mass% rare earth (RE) (WE43), Mg-3mass% RE-1mass% Y (EW31) and Mg-4mass% RE (RE4) alloy rods with a chemical solution deposition method. The HAp-coated and uncoated Mg/Mg alloy rods were implanted in the femurs of rats for 3–6 months, and the corrosion suppression and bone formation abilities of the HAp coating were examined using a scanning electron microscope. The corrosion rate of WE43 was suppressed by 1/3 with the HAp coating for 6 months, and the corrosion product showed very slow dissolution. The effect of the HAp coating for pure Mg and MgCa disappeared in 1–2 months with the thinning of the rods accompanying with the obvious dissolution of the corrosion products. The effect of the HAp coating for EW31 and RE4 was not stable due to the expansion and collapse of the corrosion products. The bone formation was enhanced on the HAp layers. Eventually, the HAp coating basically suppressed the corrosion initiation and corrosion progress of Mg substrates. The magnitude of the suppression effect depended mainly on the chemical and physical stability of the corrosion products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111942
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar


  • Biomedical magnesium alloys
  • Bone conductivity
  • Hydroxyapatite coatings
  • In vivo corrosion
  • Rat femurs


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