In water or in the presence of water?

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(Figure Presented) What expression best conveys the recent examples of "aqueous" organocatalyzed aldol reactions? It is suggested that a reaction occurs "in water" if the participating reactants are dissolved homogeneously in water (or buffer), or "in the presence of water" if it proceeds in a concentrated organic phase with water present as a second phase that influences the reaction in the former.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8103-8104
Number of pages2
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 11


  • Aldol reaction
  • Asymmetric catalysis
  • Organocatalysis
  • Water


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