We studied the expression of adhesion molecules on the surface of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). The effects of mechanical stimulation were measured with a flow cytometer and pulmonary vascular injury due to accumulation of PMNs in the lungs was assessed by a gravimetric method. The accumulation of PMNs in the lungs was studied by measuring the amount of myeloperoxidase. PMNs were stimulated by gentle agitation in a glass container for 10s, Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) was unregulated on the surface of PMNs that were mechanically stimulated. When unstimulated PMNs were exposed to isolated rat lungs, the filtration coefficient did not change from that under baseline conditions. However, when mechanically stimulated PMNs were exposed to isolated rat lungs, the filtration coefficient was about 5 times higher than that measured at baseline. When mechanically stimulated PMNs treated with anti-CD18 antibody were used, the increase in the filtration coefficient was completely blocked. The assay of myeloperoxidase revealed that PMNs stuck to isolated rat lungs only after stimulated PMNs were added. We conclude that when the adhesiveness of PMNs is increased by mechanical stimulation, these cells adhere to pulmonary vessels and increase pulmonary vascular permeability.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Isolated rat lungs
- Mechanical agitation
- Polymorphonuclear leukocyte adhesion
- Pulmonary vascular injury