The distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was examined in the periodontal ligament (PDL) after experimental luxation injury of the rat first molar tooth. The luxational injury increased the number of CGRP-immunoreactive (IR) nerve fibers. At 3-7 days, numerous CGRP-IR nerve fibers appeared throughout the injured PDL. These nerve fibers terminated as free nerve endings within resorption cavities. Immunohistochemistry for receptor activity modifying protein 1 (RAMP1) also demonstrated that the subunit of CGRP receptor was expressed by periodontal cells adjacent to the alveolar bone in the intact and injured PDL. RAMP1-IR cells were divided into two types; small cells with single nucleus and large cells with 2-6 nuclei. After the luxational injury, both types of RAMP1-IR cells abundantly appeared within resorption cavities. As a result, the treatment increased the number of large RAMP1-IR cells at 3-7 days and small RAMP1-IR cells at 7 days. In addition, a double immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated that CGRP-IR nerve fibers were seen away from RAMP1-IR cells in the intact PDL. After the traumatic injury, however, CGRP-IR nerve fibers appeared in the close vicinity of small and large RAMP1-IR cells at 5-7 days. The morphology and distribution of RAMP1-IR cells suggest that they contain osteoblasts and osteoclasts. By affecting osteoclasts and osteoblasts, CGRP may have effects on bone remodeling in the luxated PDL.
- Calcitonin gene-related peptide
- Periodontal ligament
- Receptor activity modifying protein 1