An overactive renin-angiotensin system is associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. However, the mechanisms behind it are unclear. Cleaving angiotensinogen to angiotensin I by renin is a rate-limiting step of angiotensin II production, but renin is suggested to have angiotensin-independent effects. We generated mice lacking renin (Ren1c) using embryonic stem cells from C57BL/6 mice, a strain prone to diet-induced obesity. Ren1c-/- mice are lean, insulin sensitive, and resistant to diet-induced obesity without changes in food intake and physical activity. The lean phenotype is likely due to a higher metabolic rate and gastrointestinal loss of dietary fat. Most of the metabolic changes in Ren1c-/- mice were reversed by angiotensin II administration. These results support a role for angiotensin II in the pathogenesis of diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Dec 5|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology