Increasing cell–device adherence using cultured insect cells for receptor-based biosensors

Daigo Terutsuki, Hidefumi Mitsuno, Takeshi Sakurai, Yuki Okamoto, Agnès Tixier-Mita, Hiroshi Toshiyoshi, Yoshio Mita, Ryohei Kanzaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Field-effect transistor (FET)-based biosensors have a wide range of applications, and a bio-FET odorant sensor, based on insect (Sf21) cells expressing insect odorant receptors (ORs) with sensitivity and selectivity, has emerged. To fully realize the practical application of bio-FET odorant sensors, knowledge of the cell–device interface for efficient signal transfer, and a reliable and low-cost measurement system using the commercial complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) foundry process, will be indispensable. However, the interfaces between Sf21 cells and sensor devices are largely unknown, and electrode materials used in the commercial CMOS foundry process are generally limited to aluminium, which is reportedly toxic to cells. In this study, we investigated Sf21 cell–device interfaces by developing cross-sectional specimens. Calcium imaging of Sf21 cells expressing insect ORs was used to verify the functions of Sf21 cells as odorant sensor elements on the electrode materials. We found that the cell–device interface was approximately 10 nm wide on average, suggesting that the adhesion mechanism of Sf21 cells may differ from that of other cells. These results will help to construct accurate signal detection from expressed insect ORs using FETs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172366
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 21
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell adhesion
  • Cell-Electronic interface
  • Cross-section polisher
  • Field-effect transistor
  • Odorant sensor
  • Sf21 insect cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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