Background: There is no robust evidence of pharmacological interventions to improve mortality in heart failure (HF) patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (HFpEF). In this subanalysis study of the SUPPORT Trial, we addressed the influence of LVEF on the effects of olmesartan in HF. Methods and Results: Among 1,147 patients enrolled in the SUPPORT Trial, we examined 429 patients with reduced LVEF (HFrEF, LVEF <50%) and 709 with HFpEF (LVEF ≥50%). During a median follow-up of 4.4 years, 21.9% and 12.5% patients died in the HFrEF and HFpEF groups, respectively. In HFrEF patients, the addition of olmesartan to the combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and β-blocker (BB) was associated with increased incidence of death (hazard ratio (HR) 2.26, P=0.002) and worsening renal function (HR 2.01, P=0.01), whereas its addition to ACEI or BB alone was not. In contrast, in HFpEF patients, the addition of olmesartan to BB alone was significantly associated with reduced mortality (HR 0.32, P=0.03), whereas with ACEIs alone or in combination with BB and ACEI was not. The linear mixed-effect model showed that in HFpEF, the urinary albumin/ creatinine ratio was unaltered when BB were combined with olmesartan, but significantly increased when not combined with olmesartan (P=0.01). Conclusions: LVEF substantially influences the effects of additive use of olmesartan, with beneficial effects noted when combined with BB in hypertensive HFpEF patients.
- Angiotensin II receptor blocker
- Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction