## Abstract

To evaluate the Thomson effect on the temperature increase in Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST)-based phase-change random access memory (PCRAM), we created new dimensionless numbers based on Buckingham's ? theorem. The influence of the Thomson effect on the temperature increase depends on the dominant factor of electrical resistance in a PCRAM cell. When the effect is dominated by the volumetric resistance of the phase-change material (C = ?c?x/s « O (1)) the dimensionless evaluation number is B = µ T s ? fk, where ? c is the contact resistance, ?x is the thickness of PCM, s and k are the electrical and thermal conductivities, µ T is the Thomson coefficient, and ?f is the voltage. When the contact resistance cannot be ignored, the evaluation number is B/(1 + C). The characteristics of hexagonal-type crystalline GST in a PCRAM cell were numerically investigated using the defined dimensionless parameters. Although the contact resistance of GST exceeded the volumetric resistance across the temperature range, the ratio of contact resistance to the whole resistance reduced with increasing temperature. Moreover, increasing the temperature of GST enhanced the influence of the Thomson effect on the temperature distribution. At high temperatures, the Thomson effect suppressed the temperature increase by approximately 10%-20%.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 115902 |

Journal | Materials Research Express |

Volume | 8 |

Issue number | 11 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2021 Nov |

## Keywords

- Buckingham's ? theorem
- contact resistance
- dimensionless number
- numerical simulation
- phase change material
- thomson effect

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Biomaterials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys

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