Inhibition of prostaglandin E2 production by 2′-hydroxychalcone derivatives and the mechanism of action

Y. P. Kim, H. S. Ban, S. S. Lim, N. Kimura, S. H. Jung, J. Ji, S. Lee, N. Ryu, S. R. Keum, K. H. Shin, K. Ohuchi

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9 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of 14 synthetic 2′-hydroxychalcone derivatives on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in rat peritoneal macrophages stimulated by the protein kinase C activator, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), were examined to clarify the structure-activity relationship. 2′,4-Dihydroxy-4′-methoxychalcone (compound 3), 2′,4-dihydroxy-6′-methoxychalcone (compound 8) and 2′-hydroxy-4′-methoxychalcone (compound 9) suppressed PGE2 production more potently than the other compounds. The IC50 (50% Inhibitory concentration) value for compounds 3, 8 and 9 was calculated to be 3 μM. The activity of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 was inhibited slightly by compound 9, but that of COX-2 was not inhibited. At concentrations that inhibited the production of PGE2, compound 9 had no effect on the release of radioactivity from [3H]arachidonic acid-labelled macrophages stimulated by TPA. Western-blot analysis revealed that the induction of COX-2 protein by TPA was inhibited by compound 9 in parallel with the inhibition of PGE2 production. Compounds 3 and 8 had similar effects. These findings suggest that 4′-methoxyl and 6′-methoxyl groups are required for the expression of more potent inhibitory activity against PGE2 production, and that the inhibition of PGE2 production by these 2′-hydroxychalcone derivatives is due to the inhibition of TPA-induced COX-2 protein expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1302
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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