Instability of separated shear layer around levitated freestream-aligned circular cylinder

Sho Yokota, Keisuke Asai, Taku Nonomura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, characteristics of a shear layer around a freestream-aligned circular cylinder and the relationship between the shear layer motion and the aerodynamic force were investigated under supportless condition. A 0.3-m magnetic suspension and balance system was employed, and experiments were conducted without a mechanical supporting device. Velocity fields were measured using particle image velocimetry with a sufficient temporal and spatial resolution, and high-frequency velocity fluctuations caused by small Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) vortices were captured. The power spectral densities of velocity fluctuations represent phenomena such as KH vortex convection, vortex pairing, and convection of multiple vortices. Furthermore, fluctuations of the shear layer position were investigated. The results illustrate that the dominant frequency of the shear layer position is lower than the frequency of the velocity, and it shows good agreement with the characteristic frequency of lift force fluctuations. The present results together with the report in the previous study illustrate that the pressure fluctuations are considered to drive both fluctuations of the shear layer position and lateral aerodynamic force.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064104
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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