Integration and instrument characterization of the cosmic infrared background experiment 2 (CIBER-2)

Chi H. Nguyen, Benjamin Stewart, Seung Cheol Bang, James J. Bock, Asantha Cooray, Kenta Danbayashi, Ambar Desantiago, Viktor Hristov, Tomoya Kojima, Phillip Korngut, Kevin Kruse, Alicia Lanz, Dae Hee Lee, Lunjun Liu, Jared Loewenthal, Peter Mason, Toshio Matsumoto, Shuji Matsuura, Ryo Ohta, Christian PapeWon Kee Park, Dorin Patru, James Parkus, Kei Sano, Aoi Takahashi, Mark Peryer, Kohji Takimoto, Kohji Tsumura, Takehiko Wada, Shiang Yu Wang, Yasuhiro Yamada, Michael Zemcov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)


The extragalactic background light (EBL) is the integrated emission from all objects outside of the Milky Way galaxy. Imprinted by the history of stellar emission, the EBL in the near infrared traces light back to the birth of the first stars in the Universe and can allow tight constraints on structure formation models. Recent studies using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope and the first Cosmic Infrared Background ExpeRiment (CIBER-1) find that there are excess fluctuations in the EBL on large scales which have been attributed to either high redshift galaxies and quasars, or to stars that were stripped from their host galaxies during merging events. To help disentangle these two models, multi-wavelength data can be used to trace their distinctive spectral features. Following the success of CIBER-1, CIBER-2 is designed to identify the sources of the EBL excess fluctuations using data in six wavebands covering the optical and near infrared. The experiment consists of a cryogenic payload and is scheduled to launch four times on a recoverable sounding rocket. CIBER-2 has a 28.5 cm telescope coupled with an optics system to obtain wide-field images in six broad spectral bands between 0.5 and 2.5 μm simultaneously. The experiment uses 2048 × 2048 Hawaii-2RG detector arrays and a cryogenic star tracker. A prototype of the cryogenic star tracker is under construction for a separate launch to verify its performance and star tracking algorithm. The mechanical, optical, and electrical components of the CIBER-2 experiment will have been integrated into the payload by mid-2018. Here we present the final design of CIBER-2 and our team's instrument characterization efforts. The design and analysis of the optical focus tests will be discussed. We also report on the performance of CIBER-2 support systems, including the cooling mechanisms and deployable components. Finally, we outline the remaining tasks required to prepare the payload for launch.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018
Subtitle of host publicationOptical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
EditorsGiovanni G. Fazio, Howard A. MacEwen, Makenzie Lystrup
ISBN (Print)9781510619494
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave - Austin, United States
Duration: 2018 Jun 102018 Jun 15

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Cosmology
  • Cryogenic infrared detectors
  • Cryogenic star trackers
  • Extragalactic astronomy
  • Infrared background
  • Intensity mapping
  • Rockets
  • Telescopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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