Recently, it has become clear that with the addition of polyamines, giant DNA molecules of size greater than 10 kbp exhibit all-or-none switching between elongated coil and folded compact states. Here the effects of the intercalating fluorescent labeling dye, YOYO-1, and the minor-groove binding fluorescent labeling dye, DAPI, on the folding transition of single giant T4 DNA (166 kbp) induced by spermidine3+ were examined, by use of the experimental technique of single molecular chain observation with fluorescence microscopy. It is found that the intercalating dye, YOYO-1, markedly prevents the folding transition, whereas the minor-groove binding dye, DAPI, exhibits negligible effect on the folding transition. This action of YOYO-1 is discussed in relation to the biological effect of intercalators.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Fluorescence microscopy
- Folding transition
- Minor-groove binding