Interfacial reaction and inclusion formation at early stages of FeMnSi addition to liquid Fe

Pengcheng Yan, Lieven Pandelaers, Lichun Zheng, Bart Blanpain, Muxing Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The alloy/liquid Fe interaction behaviour at early stages of deoxidation/alloying have considerable influence on the mechanical properties of steel products. The interfacial reaction between FeMnSi and liquid Fe, as well as the inclusion formation, were experimentally studied at the addition early stages based on quenched FeMnSi-Fe diffusion couples. The microstructure and composition of the quenched diffusion couple were evaluated and the inclusions in the reaction zone were characterised. Five regions were distinguished in the quenched reaction zone, i.e. (1) a solidified Fe shell, (2) a α1 phase consisting of a solid α1 phase and a Fe-Mn-Si liquid melt at the experimental temperature, (3) eutectic α1+Fe5Si3 and (4) eutectic Mn5Si3+MnSi phases, which are liquid at the experimental temperature and (5) the origina FeMnSi alloy which did not melt during the interaction. Plenty of oxysulphide inclusions are observed in the reaction zone: Fe(O,S) inclusions formed in the bulk iron and an inclusion poor zone is observed in the nner part of the Fe shell. Large amounts of tiny (Mn,Si)O inclusions formed in the α1 phase near the Fe/α1 interface and large (Mn,Si)(O,S) inclusions precipitated in the liquid phase after solidification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1661-1668
Number of pages8
JournalIsij International
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Deoxidation
  • Desulphurisation
  • FeMnSi alloy
  • Inclusion
  • Interfacial reaction
  • Steel cleanliness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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