Intergeneric somatic hybridization of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by protoplast fusion

H. Kisaka, M. Kisaka, A. Kanno, T. Kameya

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40 Citations (Scopus)


An intergeneric somatic hybrid was obtained upon fusion of protoplasts of rice and barley. Protoplasts isolated from suspension cultures of rice cells were fused by electrofusion with protoplasts that had been isolated from young barley leaves. Some of the resultant calli formed green spots and shoots. Only one shoot formed roots, and it was subsequently successfully transferred to soil in a greenhouse. Its morphology closely resembled that of the parental rice plant. Cytological analysis indicated that the plant had both small chromosomes from rice and large chromosomes from barley. Southern hybridization analysis with a fragment of the tryptophan B (trpB) gene revealed both a rice-specific band and a barley-specific band. Mitochondrial (mt) and chloroplast (cp) DNAs were also analyzed using the same method. The plant was shown to contain novel mitochondrial and chloroplast sequence rearrangements that were not detected in either of the parents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-367
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Chromosome
  • Hordeum vulgare L.
  • Intergeneric somatic hybrid
  • Oryza sativa L.
  • Recombination


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