Investigation of irregular strand positions causing additional AC losses in CIC conductor

T. Yagai, H. Sato, Y. Nara, M. Tsuda, T. Hamajima, Y. Nunoya, K. Okuno, K. Takahata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AC losses with long time constants can not be simply estimated from a short sample conductor because there are many irregular loops formed by strands strongly displaced from their original positions. In our previous work, we measured trajectories of 81 strands of NbTi conductor and it was proved that strongly displaced strands produced many line contacts with other strands, and thereby caused low contact resistance and long time constants. Long loops due to the displacement of strands should also produce large AC loss because the time constant of the loss is proportional to the inductance, i.e., the length of coupling current loops. In order to investigate the long loops in practical conductors, we developed a method to estimate the strand positions over the entire length. In this method, only one cross section of the conductor is required to calculate gravities of each sub-cable. The strand trajectories are obtained in a manner that the same order sub-cables rotate around the gravity to form one order higher sub-cable. The estimated trajectories are in good agreement with the measured ones, with errors of 1 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2470-2473
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun


  • CIC conductor
  • Coupling current loop
  • Irregular strand positions
  • Long time constant


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