We previously reported that infection with the periodontopathic bacterium Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans induced apoptosis in a mouse macrophage cell line J774.1. In the present study, we examined the involvement of cytochrome c and caspases in the induction of apoptosis in A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected J774.1 cells. Following infection, the expression levels of cytochrome c, and cleaved forms of caspase-3 and caspase-9 in the cells were examined using immunoblot analysis. Cytochrome c was released from mitochondria into the cytoplasm after A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected J774.1 cells were cultured for 6 h, and caspase-3 and caspase-9 were found to be cleaved forms in the cells. Further, caspase-9 activity was markedly increased, and phosphorylated p53 was detected in the cells 30 h following infection. These results suggest that apoptosis in A. actinomycetemcomitans- infected J774.1 cells is regulated by the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into cytoplasm and the subsequent activation of caspases through phosphorylation of p53.
- Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
- Cytochrome c