Irreversible magnetic-field-induced antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic transition in Nd5Ge3

Takanori Tsutaoka, Akira Tanaka, Yasuo Narumi, Masahiro Iwaki, Koichi Kindo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic phase transitions in the rare-earth intermetallic compound Nd5Ge3 have been investigated using a single crystal. Magnetic measurements confirm that Nd5Ge3 is in the antiferromagentic state below TN=51 K, in literature. An irreversible magnetic-field-induced antiferromagentic to ferromagnetic transition has been found below Tt=26 K. In this state, a metamagnetic transition takes place in the first magnetizing process; a ferromagnetic state having a remanent magnetization MR is stabilized after removing the external magnetic field. MR does not show noticeable relaxation behavior and a rectangular-type hysteresis loop is maintained in the following magnetization process. As origin of the irreversibility, a martensitic structural phase transition under the external field can be considered. The magnetic-field cooling effect on the magnetic susceptibility indicates the coexistence of a kind of spin-glass state with long-range antiferromagnetic ordering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-185
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1


  • Irreversible magnetizing process
  • Magnetic phase transition
  • NdGe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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