Background: With the ongoing growth of the aged population, the number of elderly patients suffering from gastric cancer has increased in Japan. Since the frequency of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with endoscopic curability (eCura) C-2 for early gastric cancer (EGC) is relative low, the following question can be raised: "Is additional gastrectomy required for elderly patients with such criteria for ESD?"Summary: For therapeutic decision-making after ESD with eCura C-2, the risk of all-cause mortality and impaired quality of life (QoL) should thus be evaluated. Risk stratification of LNM and gastric cancer-specific mortality was established by the eCura system; however, it remains unclear how much these categories and treatment selection affect all-cause mortality. The contribution of prognostic tools for predicting all-cause mortality was noted to vary across the studies of patients with EGC; thus, further studies that investigate comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) may be required. Regarding the QoL, studies on elderly patients remain to be lacking. Furthermore, one of the issues with CGA and QoL tools is that they are time consuming. Key Messages: Combined evaluation of risk stratification of gastric cancer-specific mortality by the eCura system and risk of nongastric cancer-related mortality and impaired QoL may be the current optimal method to decide treatment strategy after ESD with eCura C-2 for EGC among elderly patients. A large-scale prospective study that investigates CGA domains is required to identify predictors of all-cause mortality and impaired QoL, and a more easily usable tool should be developed.
- Early gastric cancer
- Endoscopic curability C-2
- Endoscopic submucosal dissection