Joining characteristics of orthodontic wires with laser welding

Masahiro Iijima, William A. Brantley, Toshihiro Yuasa, Takeshi Muguruma, Isao Kawashima, Itaru Mizoguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Laser welding 0.016 × 0.022 in. β-Ti, Ni-Ti, and Co-Cr-Ni orthodontic wires was investigated by measuring joint tensile strength, measuring laser penetration depth, determining metallurgical phases using micro X-ray diffraction (micro-XRD), and examining microstructures with an scanning electron microscope (SEM). Welding was performed from 150 to 230 V. Mean tensile strength for Ni-Ti groups was significantly lower (p < 0.05) than for most other groups of laser-welded specimens. Although mean tensile strength for β-Ti and Co-Cr-Ni was significantly lower than for control specimens joined by silver soldering, it was sufficient for clinical use. The β-Ti orthodontic wire showed deeper penetration depth from laser welding than the Ni-Ti and Co-Cr-Ni orthodontic wires. Micro-XRD patterns of laser-welded β-Ti and Ni-Ti obtained 2 mm from the boundary were similar to as-received specimens, indicating that original microstructures were maintained. When output voltages of 190 V and higher were used, most peaks from joint areas disappeared or were much weaker, perhaps because of a directional solidification effect, evidenced by SEM observation of fine striations in welded β-Ti. Laser welding β-Ti and Co-Cr-Ni wires may be acceptable clinically, since joints had sufficient strength and metallurgical phases in the original wires were not greatly altered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-153
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan


  • Archwire
  • Laser-welding
  • Micro-XRD
  • Nickel-titanium
  • β-titanium


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