In this paper, the space time transmit diversity (STTD) decoding combined with minimum mean square error (MMSE) equalization is presented for MC-CDMA downlink and uplink in the presence of multiple receive antennas. The equalization weights that minimize the MSE for each subcarrier are derived. From computer simulation, it was found that the BER performance of STTD decoding combined with MMSE equalization and Mr-antenna diversity reception using the weights derived in this paper provides the same diversity order as 2Mr-antenna receive diversity with MMSE equalization but with 3 dB performance penalty and is always better than that with no diversity. The uplink BER performance can also be improved with STTD, but the error floor still exists. However, with 2-receive antennas in addition to 2-antenna STTD, the BER floor can be ^reduced to around 10-5 even for the uplink.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEICE Transactions on Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Apr|
- MMSE equalization
- Mobile radio
- Space-time coding
- Transmit diversity