Flower-shaped crystals with diameters of 100-200 μm consisting of LaBGeO5 (LBGO) single crystals similar to petals were observed in the interior of transparent LBGO surface-crystallized glasses. Each flower-shaped crystal was radially grown from the surface of the included bubbles. A more intense second-harmonic generation was observed from the LBGO crystallized glasses with the flower-shaped LBGO single crystals compared to the samples without such crystals based on the Maker fringe technique and second-harmonic (SH) generation microscopy. The SH intensity for the flower-shaped LBGO single crystals monotonically decreased with increasing temperature up to ∼350°C, less than the Curie temperature reported so far (∼530°C). It is considered that the internal compressive stress induced by the difference in the thermal expansion between the LBGO single crystal and the corresponding glass affect the ferroelectric property of the flower-shaped LBGO single crystals in glass.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Jul 15|
- Nonlinear optical crystal
- Second-harmonic generation