The interplay of spin-polarized electronic edge states with the dynamics of the host nuclei in quantum Hall systems presents rich and nontrivial transport physics. Here, we develop a Landauer-Büttiker approach to understand various experimental features observed in the integer quantum Hall setups featuring quantum point contacts. The approach developed here entails a phenomenological description of spin-resolved interedge scattering induced via hyperfine assisted electron-nuclear spin flip-flop processes. A self-consistent simulation framework between the nuclear spin dynamics and edge state electronic transport is presented in order to gain crucial insights into the dynamic nuclear polarization effects on electronic transport and in turn the electron-spin polarization effects on the nuclear spin dynamics. In particular, we show that the hysteresis noted experimentally in the conductance-voltage trace as well as in the resistively detected NMR line-shape results from a lack of quasiequilibrium between electronic transport and nuclear polarization evolution. In addition, we present circuit models to emulate such hyperfine mediated transport effects to further facilitate a clear understanding of the electronic transport processes occurring around the quantum point contact. Finally, we extend our model to account for the effects of quadrupolar splitting of nuclear levels and also depict the electronic transport signatures that arise from single and multiphoton processes.