Large deformation analysis in geomechanics using CIP method

Kazuhide Sawada, Shuji Moriguchi, Atsushi Yashima, Feng Zhang, Ryosuke Uzuoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical method is developed for prediction of large deformations associated with a geomaterial flow. The geomaterial is modeled as a viscous fluid, where a Bingham type constitutive model is proposed based on Mohr-Coulomb's failure criterion and the equivalent Newtonian viscosity is derived from the cohesion and friction angle. These two parameters are very important factors for the behavior of geomaterials. In solving Navier-Stokes's equations, a constrained interpolated profile (CIP) scheme is utilized. The numerical method developed in this paper is used to simulate a 2-dimensional gravitational flow in order to check the performance of the constitutive model. The method is also applied to two real slope failures. One is due to heavy rain and the other due to earthquake. In the analysis of the slope failure due to earthquake, simulated velocity of ground flow, displacement and elapsed time are compared with observed results. In the case of the analysis of the slope failure due to heavy rain, a previous study about the slope failure using finite element method (FEM) is firstly introduced. The method used in the previous study, however, could not describe the subsequent ground flow after the initiation of slope failure. Therefore, the method developed in this paper is applied to simulate the ground flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-743
Number of pages9
JournalJSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Geomechanics
  • Large deformation
  • Non-Newtonian flow
  • Slope failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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