Large energy product enhancement in perpendicularly coupled MnBi/CoFe magnetic bilayers

T. R. Gao, L. Fang, S. Fackler, S. Maruyama, X. H. Zhang, L. L. Wang, T. Rana, P. Manchanda, A. Kashyap, K. Janicka, A. L. Wysocki, A. T. N'Diaye, E. Arenholz, J. A. Borchers, B. J. Kirby, B. B. Maranville, K. W. Sun, M. J. Kramer, V. P. Antropov, D. D. JohnsonR. Skomski, J. Cui, I. Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate substantial enhancement in the energy product of MnBi-based magnets by forming robust ferromagnetic exchange coupling between a MnBi layer and a thin CoFe layer in a unique perpendicular coupling configuration, which provides increased resistance to magnetization reversal. The measured nominal energy product of 172kJ/m3 at room temperature is the largest value experimentally attained for permanent magnets free of expensive raw materials. Our finding shows that exchange-coupled MnBi/CoFe magnets are a viable option for pursuing rare-earth-free magnets with energy products approaching those containing rare-earth elements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number060411
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 29
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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