Large-scale self-assembled zirconium phosphate smectic layers via a simple spray-coating process

Minhao Wong, Ryohei Ishige, Kevin L. White, Peng Li, Daehak Kim, Ramanan Krishnamoorti, Robert Gunther, Takeshi Higuchi, Hiroshi Jinnai, Atsushi Takahara, Riichi Nishimura, Hung Jue Sue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


The large-scale assembly of asymmetric colloidal particles is used in creating high-performance fibres. A similar concept is extended to the manufacturing of thin films of self-assembled two-dimensional crystal-type materials with enhanced and tunable properties. Here we present a spray-coating method to manufacture thin, flexible and transparent epoxy films containing zirconium phosphate nanoplatelets self-assembled into a lamellar arrangement aligned parallel to the substrate. The self-assembled mesophase of zirconium phosphate nanoplatelets is stabilized by epoxy pre-polymer and exhibits rheology favourable towards large-scale manufacturing. The thermally cured film forms a mechanically robust coating and shows excellent gas barrier properties at both low- and high humidity levels as a result of the highly aligned and overlapping arrangement of nanoplatelets. This work shows that the large-scale ordering of high aspect ratio nanoplatelets is easier to achieve than previously thought and may have implications in the technological applications for similar materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3589
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 7


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