Late-phase observations of a super-chandrasekhar SN Ia

M. Yamanaka, K. S. Kawabata, K. Maeda, M. Tanaka, M. Yoshida, T. Hattori, K. Nomoto, T. Komatsu, T. Okushima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


A super-Chandrasekhar (SC) supernova (SN) has an extremely high luminosity and a slow decline rate of the light curve in the early-phase. We present late-phase observations of the SC SN 2009dc. We find that the optical luminosity a year after maximum is much fainter than that expected from its early luminosity. We attempt to fit the analytic light curve model to the observations using Arnett's rule. The model successfully explains the light curves until 120 days. This suggests that the extremely high luminosity originates from the 56Ni decay. We suggest that the late-phase decline would be caused by dust formation. The existence of strong carbon features in early-phase spectra would support this scenario. We also find a blend of [Ca II] and [Ni II] in its late-phase spectrum. This indicates that the calcium is distributed in the inner layer along with nickel and iron. We conclude that the mixing may occur in the inner parts of the ejecta.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBinary Paths to Type Ia Supernovae Explosions
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9781107019812
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221


  • Supernovae: individual (SN 2009dc)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Late-phase observations of a super-chandrasekhar SN Ia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this