Lattice strain and strength evaluation on V microalloyed pearlite steel

Taketo Maejima, Mitsuharu Yonemura, Kaori Kawano, Goro Miyamoto

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5 Citations (Scopus)


The strengthening mechanism of microalloyed vanadium (V) on eutectoid pearlite steel was investigated from the perspectives of nano-precipitation and lattice strain. The 0.2% proof stress of specimens, isothermally transformed at 873 K, increased by about 160–170 MPa with the addition of 0.1% V. However, the interphase precipitation of vanadium carbide (VC), regarded as the principal strengthening factor, was detected neither by transmission electron microscopy nor by 3D atom probe microscopy (3D-AP). A lattice strain in lamellar ferrite, analyzed by broadening of the X-ray diffraction peak, has been experimentally estimated to understand the strengthening mechanisms by V-addition. The lattice strain data of 0.1% V-added pearlite specimens were plotted on the same correlation line as those of the V-free specimens with proof stress. In addition, the elemental map obtained by 3D-AP showed that V atoms concentrate in lamellar cementite rather than ferrite, which could change the cementite lattice parameters and gain ferrite/cementite misfit, causing lattice strain increment. These results revealed that microalloyed V influences not only VC precipitation in lamellar ferrite but also the lattice strain increment in pearlite lamellar. In the case of pearlite steels containing at most 0.1% V, lattice strain was considered the major factor of their yield behaviors. Furthermore, 0.1% V addition did not enhance work-hardening behavior as notably as that estimated by Ashby’s work-hardening theory of dispersion-hardened crystals. Therefore, VC precipitation is not necessary for the V strengthening effect on pearlite steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1810-1818
Number of pages9
JournalISIJ International
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 15


  • Microalloyed steel
  • Pearlite
  • Precipitation strengthening
  • Vanadium


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