Leaching of As and Se from coal fly ash: fundamental study for coal fly ash recycling

Tsugumi Seki, Kengo Nakamura, Yasumasa Ogawa, Chihiro Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Coal fly ash (CFA) is a useful recycled resource for uses such as cement raw material. To manage and evaluate safety for effective utilization of CFA, the leaching concentration and amounts of toxic elements in CFA need to be determined. In this study, 38 types of CFA and aged CFA generated in Japan were used to measure the occurrence and leaching concentration range of As and Se. In addition, the leaching characteristics over the long term were examined using statistical analysis. Leaching concentrations of As and Se from CFAs were in the range of 0.001–0.163 mg/L (average: 0.025 mg/L, median: 0.014 mg/L) and 0.001–0.189 mg/L (average: 0.071 mg/L, median: 0.055 mg/L), respectively. In general, the concentrations of aged CFAs were less than those of the CFAs with a few exceptions. Leaching concentrations of As and Se in the tank leaching test changed with time, and As and Se concentrations in the dispersions increased with stirring time. In contrast, pH of the dispersion decreased with time. The relation between As or Se and CFA factors showed that As or Se and pH or Ca were highly correlated. However, in aged CFAs for long-term use, the correlation coefficient for the relation between As and other factors was low while that for Se-S was high. Considering the effective utilization of CFA as a long-term recyclable resource, the leaching processes of As and Se in CFA would change with time depending on the environmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number225
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr


  • Change by aging
  • Coal fly ash
  • Leaching
  • Toxic elements


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