Biallelic 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-like protein (HPDL) variants were recently reported as a cause of progressive and incurable neurodegenerative diseases ranging from neonatal-onset leukoencephalopathy with severe neurodevelopmental delay to spastic paraplegia. Although the physiological function of HPDL remains unknown, its subcellular localization in the mitochondria has been reported. Here, we report a case of HPDL-related neurological disease that was clinically and neuroimaging compatible with Leigh syndrome, previously unreported, and was treated with a ketogenic diet.
- Ketogenic diet
- Leigh syndrome