Lethal effect of blue light on Liposcelis bostrychophila (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae)

Masatoshi Hori, Norihiro Oyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We previously reported that blue light is lethal to various insect species. However, it was also revealed that effective blue light wavelength is species and growth-stage specific. We, therefore, investigated the lethal effects of blue light on booklice, Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae), which frequently occur in food processing and storage facilities, where insecticides cannot often be used because of the risk of their contamination on the food products. Liposcelis bostrychophila eggs were killed by irradiation with 408–462-nm blue light and 378-nm UVA at 5 × 1018 photons·m−2·s−1, with 100% mortality. In particular, 420-nm blue light had a strong lethal effect, showing 96.5% mortality at 1.5 × 1018 photons·m−2·s−1. The adults were killed by irradiation with 378–494-nm light at 5 × 1018 photons·m−2·s−1. Irradiation with 378–440-nm and 462-nm light showed 96%–100% mortality at this photon flux density. In particular, 378 and 408-nm light notably exhibited strong lethal effects, showing 100% and 87% mortality, respectively, at 3 × 1018 photons·m−2·s−1. These results show that blue light irradiation is useful for controlling booklice occurrence in food facilities. Additionally, this study revealed for the first time that blue-light irradiation is lethal to hemimetabolous insects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Entomology and Zoology
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May

Keywords

  • Booklice
  • Irradiation
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Psocoptera
  • Short-wavelength visible light

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