Light-addressable potentiometric sensors for quantitative spatial imaging of chemical species

Tatsuo Yoshinobu, Ko Ichiro Miyamoto, Carl Frederik Werner, Arshak Poghossian, Torsten Wagner, Michael J. Schöning

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


A light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) is a semiconductor-based chemical sensor, in which a measurement site on the sensing surface is defined by illumination. This light addressability can be applied to visualize the spatial distribution of pH or the concentration of a specific chemical species, with potential applications in the fields of chemistry, materials science, biology, and medicine. In this review, the features of this chemical imaging sensor technology are compared with those of other technologies. Instrumentation, principles of operation, and various measurement modes of chemical imaging sensor systems are described. The review discusses and summarizes state-of-the-art technologies, especially with regard to the spatial resolution and measurement speed; for example, a high spatial resolution in a submicron range and a readout speed in the range of several tens of thousands of pixels per second have been achieved with the LAPS. The possibility of combining this technology with microfluidic devices and other potential future developments are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-246
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual Review of Analytical Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 12


  • Bioimaging
  • Biosensor
  • Chemical imaging sensor
  • LAPS
  • PH sensor


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