Light curve modeling of superluminous supernovae

Takashi Moriya, Sergei I. Blinnikov, Nozomu Tominaga, Naoki Yoshida, Masaomi Tanaka, Keiichi Maeda, Ken'ichi Nomoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Origins of superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) discovered by recent SN surveys are still not known well. One idea to explain the huge luminosity is the collision of dense CSM and SN ejecta. If SN ejecta is surrounded by dense CSM, the kinetic energy of SN ejecta is efficiently converted to radiation energy, making them very bright. To see how well this idea works quantitatively, we performed numerical simulations of collisions of SN ejecta and dense CSM by using one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamics code STELLA and obtained light curves (LCs) resulting from the collision. First, we show the results of our LC modeling of SLSN 2006gy. We find that physical parameters of dense CSM estimated by using the idea of shock breakout in dense CSM (e.g., Chevalier & Irwin 2011, Moriya & Tominaga 2012) can explain the LC properties of SN 2006gy well. The dense CSM's radius is about 1016 cm and its mass about 15 M ⊙. It should be ejected within a few decades before the explosion of the progenitor. We also discuss how LCs change with different CSM and SN ejecta properties and origins of the diversity of H-rich SLSNe. This can potentially be a probe to see diversities in mass-loss properties of the progenitors. Finally, we also discuss a possible signature of SN ejecta-CSM interaction which can be found in H-poor SLSN.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSupernova Environmental Impacts
EditorsAlak Ray, Richard McCray
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221


  • circumstellar matter
  • stars: mass loss
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2006gy, SN 2006oz)


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