Self-incompatibility (SI) prevents self-fertilization by rejecting pollen from plants with the same S phenotype. The Brassica SI system is controlled sporophytically by multiple alleles at the single locus, S, and dominance relationships among S haplotypes are observed in both stigma and pollen. We have identified previously five different class-II S haplotypes in Brassica campestris. Here, we performed test-crosses between S heterozygotes and their respective parental S homozygotes for four of these class-II S haplotypes, and observed a linear dominance relationship on the pollen side. To determine how this relationship is controlled, we performed RNA gel blot analyses for six S heterozygotes and their respective parental S homozygotes using the corresponding SP11 clone as a probe. In all six S heterozygotes, SP11 derived from a dominant haplotype was predominantly expressed, and SP11 derived from a recessive haplotype was repressed. Thus, the linear dominance relationship of the SI phenotype on the pollen side is regulated by the expression of SP11.
- Brassica campestris (syn. rapa)
- Linear dominance relationship
- Monoallelic expression
- S multiple alleles