List total colorings of series-parallel graphs

Xiao Zhou, Yuki Matsuo, Takao Nishizeki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A total coloring of a graph G is a coloring of all elements of G, i.e. vertices and edges, in such a way that no two adjacent or incident elements receive the same color. Let L(x) be a set of colors assigned to each element x of G. Then a list total coloring of G is a total coloring such that each element x receives a color contained in L(x). The list total coloring problem asks whether G has a list total coloring. In this paper, we first show that the list total coloring problem is NP-complete even for series-parallel graphs. We then give a sufficient condition for a series-parallel graph to have a list total coloring, that is, we prove a theorem that any series-parallel graph G has a list total coloring if |L/(v)| ≥ min{5, Δ + 1} for each vertex v and |L(e)| ≥ max{5, d(v) + 1, d(w) + 1} for each edge e = vw, where Δ is the maximum degree of G and d(v) and d(w) are the degrees of the ends v and w of e, respectively. The theorem implies that any series-parallel graph G has a total coloring with Δ + 1 colors if Δ ≥ 4. We finally present a linear-time algorithm to find a list total coloring of a given series-parallel graph G if G satisfies the sufficient condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-181
Number of pages10
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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