Localization of uncalcified cementum in adult rat molar roots and its relation to physiological tooth movement

Manabu Kagayama, Hirotoshi Akita, Yasuyuki Sasano, Koji Kindaichi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The study was designed to elucidate the effect of physiological tooth movement on cellular cementum, using the upper molar roots of 10-week-old rats. Paraffin sections stained with haematoxylin and eosin displayed two types of cellular cementum, lightly and darkly staining. The lightly stained was present on the distal half of all molar roots except the mesial root of the first molar. The alveolar bone facing the lightly stained cementum showed resorption lacunae and multinucleated osteoclasts, while the opposite bone surface was lined with osteoblasts. In contact microradiographs of undemineralized ground sections, the X-ray density of the lightly stained cementum was similar to that of the periodontal ligament and pulp, while the X-ray density of the darkly stained cementum was similar to that of alveolar bone. Tetracycline labelling lines were seen at the interface between the two types of cellular cementum as well as on surfaces of bone and cementum located mesially to the root dentine. The results suggest that the mechanical stress of tooth movement differently affects the alveolar bone and cellular cementum; the bone is resorbed whereas the cementum resists resorption and its calcification is inhibited under the compressive force of tooth movement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-832
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Oct


  • adult rats
  • microradiograph
  • tetracycline label
  • tooth movement
  • uncalcified cementum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology


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