Long-term prognosis of probands with brugada-pattern ST-elevation in leads V 1-V 3

Shiro Kamakura, Tohru Ohe, Kiyoshi Nakazawa, Yoshifusa Aizawa, Akihiko Shimizu, Minoru Horie, Satoshi Ogawa, Ken Okumura, Kazufumi Tsuchihashi, Kaoru Sugi, Naomasa Makita, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Hiroshi Inoue, Hirotsugu Atarashi, Naohiko Aihara, Wataru Shimizu, Takashi Kurita, Kazuhiro Suyama, Takashi Noda, Kazuhiro SatomiHideo Okamura, Hitonobu Tomoike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

221 Citations (Scopus)


Background-The prognosis of patients with saddleback or noncoved type (non-type 1) ST-elevation in Brugada syndrome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to clarify the long-term prognosis of probands with non-type 1 ECG and those with coved (type 1) Brugada-pattern ECG. Methods and Results-A total of 330 (123 symptomatic, 207 asymptomatic) probands with a coved or saddleback ST-elevation ≥1 mm in leads V 1-V 3 were divided into 2 ECG groups-type 1 (245 probands) and non-type 1 (85 probands)-and were prospectively followed for 48.7≥15.0 months. The absence of type 1 ECG was confirmed by drug provocation test and multiple recordings. The ratio of individuals with a family history of sudden cardiac death (14%) was lower than previous studies. Clinical profiles and outcomes were not notably different between the 2 groups (annual arrhythmic event rate of probands with ventricular fibrillation; type 1: 10.2%, non-type 1: 10.6%, probands with syncope; type 1: 0.6%, non-type 1: 1.2%, and asymptomatic probands; type 1: 0.5%, non-type 1: 0%). Family history of sudden cardiac death at age <45 years and coexistence of inferolateral early repolarization with Brugada-pattern ECG were independent predictors of fatal arrhythmic events (hazard ratio, 3.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.42 to 7.60; P=0.005; hazard ratio, 2.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.06 to 6.71; P=0.03, respectively, by multivariate analysis), although spontaneous type 1 ECG and ventricular fibrillation inducibility by electrophysiological study were not reliable parameters. Conclusions-The long-term prognosis of probands in non-type 1 group was similar to that of type 1 group. Family history of sudden cardiac death and the presence of early repolarization were predictors of poor outcome in this study, which included only probands with Brugada-pattern ST-elevation. (Circ Arrhythmia Electrophysiol. 2009;2:495-503.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-503
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • Brugada syndrome
  • Death, sudden
  • Electrocardiography
  • Follow-up studies
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term prognosis of probands with brugada-pattern ST-elevation in leads V 1-V 3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this