Longitudinal child-robot interaction at preschool

Hideki Kozima, Cocoro Nakagawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports a year-long observation of 27 typicallydeveloping preschoolers (three-year-olds) interacting with an interactive robot, Keepon, which is a simple creature-like robot capable of expressing attention (by gaze/posture) and simple emotions (by body movement). Keepon was placed in their playroom and tele-controlled by a human operator (wizard) in a remote room. Throughout 25 three-hour-long sessions, the children showed not only individual actions, such as approach to, exploration of, and interaction with Keepon, but also collective social actions, where the children spontaneously and actively situate Keepon in their circle of, for example, playing house. This field study suggests that Keepon's infantile appearance and capabilities would induce from the children (1) various prosocial behavior as if they took care of or protected Keepon and (2) projection of their social expectation, such as a meaning of body movement and a role in pretense play, to Keepon. The interaction data has been shared among the teachers and the parents for improving and motivating their child care practices.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMultidisciplinary Collaboration for Socially Assistive Robotics - Papers from the 2007 AAAI Spring Symposium, Technical Report
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event2007 AAAI Spring Symposium - Stanford, CA, United States
Duration: 2007 Mar 262007 Mar 28

Publication series

NameAAAI Spring Symposium - Technical Report


Conference2007 AAAI Spring Symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityStanford, CA


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