We present a review on the recent study of the type I to type II transition in short-period superlattices of GaAs/AIAs by means of cyclotron resonance and interband magneto-optical spectroscopy in pulsed high magnetic fields up to 500 T. In the magneto-photoluminescence spectra of excitons in (GaAs)m(AIAs)n, the magnetic-field-induced type I to type II transition was observed with and without the simultaneous application of high pressure. The behaviour of the transition varies depending on the thickness of the AIAs layers. In cyclotron resonance of (GaAs)n(AIAs)n, the resonance peak at the X minima was observed in the type II regime for n smaller than 14, whereas the resonance at the Γ point was observed for n > 15. It was found that the angular dependence of the peak position does not obey the simple cosine dependence due to the subband mixing in high magnetic fields. From the angular dependence, the effective masses at the X point were determined. In high-field cyclotron resonance measurements at 129 meV up to 400 T for n = 16 (type I) the resonance of the X minima expected at around 260 T was indiscernible, despite the fact that the transition should have occurred at lower fields.