Low-temperature ordering of L10-CoPt thin films promoted by Sn, Pb, Sb, and Bi additives

O. Kitakami, Y. Shimada, K. Oikawa, H. Daimon, K. Fukamichi

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139 Citations (Scopus)


We have studied the effect of additional elements of Sn, Pb, Sb, and Bi on the ordering of L10-CoPt films. All of these additives are demonstrated to be very effective to promote the ordering and developing of a very large coercivity of the samples annealed at 400 &C. It is worth noting that this annealing temperature for ordering is 200 °C lower than that of pure CoPt. The crystallographic and chemical analyses have revealed that these additives easily diffuse and segregate onto the film surfaces by postannealing because of their very low surface free energy and extremely low solubility in Co. Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude that the ordering in the CoPt film is significantly promoted at much lower temperature by the aid of a lot of defects produced by the additives excreted by postannealing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1106
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Feb 19


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