Low-temperature preparation of rutile-type TiO 2 thin films for optical coatings by aluminum doping

Akihiro Ishii, Kosei Kobayashi, Itaru Oikawa, Atsunori Kamegawa, Masaaki Imura, Toshimasa Kanai, Hitoshi Takamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


A rutile-type TiO 2 thin film with a high refractive index (n), a low extinction coefficient (k) and small surface roughness (R a ) is required for use in a variety of optical coatings to improve the controllability of the reflection spectrum. In this study, Al-doped TiO 2 thin films were prepared by pulsed laser deposition, and the effects of Al doping on their phases, optical properties, surface roughness and nanoscale microstructure, including Al distribution, were investigated. By doping 5 and 10 mol%Al, rutile-type TiO 2 was successfully prepared under a P O2 of 0.5 Pa at 350–600 °C. The nanoscale phase separation in the Al-doped TiO 2 thin films plays an important role in the formation of the rutile phase. The 10 mol%Al-doped rutile-type TiO 2 thin film deposited at 350 °C showed excellent optical properties of n ≈ 3.05, k ≈ 0.01 (at λ = 400 nm) and negligible surface roughness, at R a  ≈ 0.8 nm. The advantages of the superior optical properties and small surface roughness of the 10 mol%Al-doped TiO 2 thin film were confirmed by fabricating a ten-layered dielectric mirror.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1


  • High refractive index
  • Optical coating
  • PLD
  • Rutile
  • TiO thin films


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