We achieved substantially low thermal conductivity by introducing some crystal disorder into complex material BaSi2 films on Si substrates for realization of a high-performance thermoelectric material. The BaSi2 films/Si exhibited a low thermal conductivity of 0.96 W m−1 K−1 without nanostructuring, which is less than about two-thirds value of bulk BaSi2 and is the lowest among ecofriendly silicide materials. This substantially low thermal conductivity was brought by both the use of complex material with intrinsically low phonon group velocity and the introduction of point defects as the crystal disorder. The first-principles calculations revealed that the point defect modulates the phonon dispersion relation lowering longitudinal acoustic phonon group velocity. However, the transverse acoustic phonon group velocity was increased at the same time, resulting in a negligible change in average acoustic phonon group velocity. This indicated that the crystal disorder effect related to point defects in this system is enhancement of phonon scattering, not lowering phonon group velocity. The BaSi2 films/Si with point defects exhibited a higher thermoelectric power factor (2.9 μW cm−1 K−2) than bulk BaSi2. These results highlight that complex material BaSi2 film/Si with point defects, having substantially low thermal conductivity, is a candidate as a thermoelectric power generator material in the sensor network.
|Journal||Applied Physics Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Oct 4|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)