Lower urinary tract symptoms and functional ability in older adults: a community-based cross-sectional study

Kyo Takahashi, Tomoki Tanaka, Yasuyo Yoshizawa, Mahiro Fujisaki-Sueda-Sakai, Bo Kyung Son, Katsuya Iijima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives Functional ability, or the ability to live actively in older age, is essential for healthy ageing. This study assessed the association between the five types of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and functional ability among community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years old). Design A cross-sectional study. Setting Community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years old) randomly selected from the basic resident register of Kashiwa city as part of the Kashiwa study. Participants The study included 916 community-dwelling older adults (481 male participants) in Japan. Outcome measures A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data regarding LUTS, which included frequency, nocturia, urgency, urinary incontinence and overactive bladder (OAB). Functional ability was measured using the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence. Sex-stratified logistic regression analyses were conducted, adjusting age, obesity, alcohol consumption, polypharmacy and comorbidities. Results Male participants experienced symptoms of frequency, nocturia, urgency, urinary incontinence and OAB at rates of 68.0%, 89.0%, 16.0%, 3.7% and 4.3%, respectively. Female participants experienced these symptoms at rates of 68.3%, 80.0%, 11.0%, 7.4% and 8.5%, respectively. Among male participants, lower functional ability was only associated with nocturia (≥3 times/night) (adjusted OR (AOR): 1.71, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.79). Contrarily, lower functional ability among female participants was significantly associated with frequency (AOR: 1.61, 95% CI 1.04 to 2.49), urgency (AOR: 2.06, 95% CI 1.08 to 3.95) and OAB (AOR: 2.43, 95% CI 1.15 to 5.11). Conclusion The different associations between LUTS and functional ability by sex might be related to differences in the effect of comorbidities and physical fatigue. Our results help clarify the multifaceted effects of LUTS in old age, the need for early detection and treatment of LUTS, and the importance of maintaining functional ability.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere054530
JournalBMJ open
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 25


  • adult urology
  • geriatric medicine
  • preventive medicine
  • social medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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